Logic is one of the cornerstones of cognitive aptitude. The ability to understand and interpret complicated information is essential for jobs that require analysis and problem solving on a daily basis. While logic and reasoning are most commonly associated with jobs relating to math, finance or technology, logic is also extremely important for positions where employees have decision making power, either independently or in a managerial capacity.
Because logic is such an integral component of aptitude, logic and reasoning are frequently measured through aptitude tests. One pre-employment test commonly used to assess logic is the Criteria Cognitive Aptitude Test (CCAT), which measures an individual's aptitude, or ability to solve problems, digest and apply information, learn new skills, and think critically. This test assesses logic through verbal, math, and spatial reasoning questions, providing percentile rankings for each category as well as a percentile ranking overall. The CCAT is designed to test candidates applying to mid- to high-level jobs requiring a college degree.
The Minicog Rapid Assessment Battery (MRAB) is another aptitude test that assesses logic by measuring deductive reasoning abilities, or the ability to infer conclusions based on certain facts. The MRAB was originally funded by NASA to test the cognitive functions of astronauts. An intensive test, the MRAB involves nine short tests designed to test a subject's attention skills, powers of concentration, working memory, and problem-solving abilities, and can be seen as a kind of "cognitive fitness test."
The Criteria Basic Skills Test (CBST) also assesses logical ability, specifically for job candidates applying for entry-level positions. The test measures basic grammar, spelling, math, and language skills in order to evaluate a candidate's job-readiness and trainability.
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