2020 Hiring Benchmark Report
The State of Hiring in a Year of Crisis
About the Report
Every year, Criteria surveys hiring professionals from across all industries to learn more about how they attract, hire, and retain their teams. For our third annual report, we shifted our focus towards understanding how organizations are responding to one of the most tumultuous years in recent memory.
COVID-19 and the resulting increase in unemployment have fundamentally shifted the balance in hiring. With a record number of employees now working from home, hiring has largely become a remote process for many organizations. On another front, greater calls for diversity and inclusion have caused organizations to reconsider the efficacy of their current hiring strategies. As a result, the world of hiring looks a lot different from last year, and this report explores those changes.
The results in this report are based on a survey of over 400 hiring professionals across organizations large and small, and across a wide breadth of industries. Responses were collected in August 2020. For the first time, the 2020 report surveyed a global audience, with the majority of respondents hailing from the United States, Australia, and Canada.
6 Key Insights of the Report
Nothing has shaped 2020 more than COVID-19. As a result of the global pandemic, 69% of hiring professionals said their organization transitioned to remote work in some capacity; 51% reduced hiring; 36% froze hiring, and 30% had to lay off or furlough employees.
Growth is slow but positive. Overall, hiring professionals predict that their hiring volume will increase by 1.4% in the next 12 months, but this varied widely by industry. The Technology industry, for example, expected to hire 64% more people in the next 12 months. Meanwhile, HR spending isn’t budging, with respondents predicting an increase of 0.6% over the next 12 months.
Hiring is less challenging than it was before. Across the board, hiring professionals feel that hiring isn’t as challenging as it was last year. 54% even said that COVID-19 has made it easier to hire remote employees.
Remote work has made a positive impression. Of those organizations that did transition to remote work, 54% view remote work more positively now; 42% say their view is unchanged, and just 4% view remote work more negatively.
Diversity is a priority for most organizations. 34% of hiring professionals say that increasing diversity in the workplace is a “top priority.” 46% say it’s “somewhat of a priority” and just 22% say it’s “not a priority.”
Hiring professionals are overwhelmingly optimistic about the future. Not only has hiring become less challenging, but hiring professionals have also become more confident in their hiring processes. And when looking towards 2021, the majority (66%) of hiring professionals feel positive about the future health of their organizations. Just 6% feel negative about the future, while 20% feel neutral and 9% are unsure.
The Impact of COVID-19
Nothing has shaped 2020 more than COVID-19.
Every organization has been affected in some way by the COVID-19 pandemic. While regional and national responses differ around the world, organizations have managed to adapt to the crisis in a variety of ways.
A large majority (69%) of respondents said their organization transitioned to remote work in some capacity. About half (51%) reduced hiring, while 36% froze hiring completely. 30% had to lay off or furlough employees, while 14% opted to reduce employee salaries. These strategic decisions have a cascading impact on the way organizations are hiring in 2020.
Hiring growth is slow, but trending in a positive direction.
For the last few years, the hiring landscape was characterized as a candidate’s market, with organizations competing to attract candidates from a limited pool of talent. 2020 saw an abrupt shift in unemployment as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. The unemployment rate in the U.S. shot up from 3.8% in February to a peak of 14.4% in April of 2020*.
By the time this survey was conducted in August of 2020, organizations had settled into a new normal, not yet recovered from the shockwaves of the pandemic but not yet back to normal either. We asked organizations how many people they hired in the last 12 months compared to how many people they plan to hire in the next 12 months. Respondents anticipated hiring 1.4% more employees in the next 12 months. This sluggish growth is growth nevertheless, suggesting that organizations are cautiously investing in hiring again.
Expected growth varies widely by industry
Different industries had different outlooks for next year. Unsurprisingly, the tech industry projected the highest growth, anticipating a need to hire 64% more people in the next 12 months. As an industry, tech companies may have been best positioned to transition to remote work, and more able to bounce back from the crisis.
Several industries that rely on in-person interactions projected negative growth, including Retail, Hospitality, Education, Real Estate, and Construction. Meanwhile, the Health industry predicted more hiring, as did Finance, Manufacturing, and Staffing/Recruiting.
HR spend is flat
Organizations aren’t eager to alter their HR budgets dramatically any time soon. On average, respondents in the U.S. predict that their HR spend will increase a minimal 0.6% in the next 12 months.
How Companies Are Hiring
Hiring strategies have shifted to accommodate remote work
Resumes and interviews continue to reign supreme as part of the traditional hiring process. However, a few notable shifts occurred as a result of COVID-19. Video interview usage went up 159%, from 22% in 2019 to 58% this year. Drug test usage dropped 21%, likely due to lack of availability for in-person testing. Reference checks also went up 9%, suggesting that organizations are looking for ways to learn more about their candidates when other in-person methods are no longer available.
More organizations are relying on hiring software
Compared to 2019, 29% more respondents said that they currently use an Applicant Tracking System (ATS) or HR Information System (HRIS) to hire.
The definition of ATS or HRIS appears to be fuzzy, however. Respondents report using a wide variety of software solutions, many of which don’t easily fit into neat categories. Regardless of category definition, organizations are taking advantage of the many unique hiring solutions available on the market.
Organizations find hiring to be less challenging now
Is the candidate-driven market over? Across the board, hiring professionals find that the work of talent acquisition and talent management is less challenging than it was last year. Finding high quality job candidates continues to be the most challenging task in 2020 at 68%, but it dropped significantly from 2019.
Organizations are also less concerned about getting enough applicants, reducing turnover, or even cultivating a positive work environment this year. It’s possible that hiring professionals are simply preoccupied with more pressing issues this year.
Quality vs. Quantity
Hiring professionals aren’t that worried about getting enough applicants anymore. In fact, 34% said getting enough applicants is “extremely easy” or “somewhat easy” (compared to 18% in 2019). However, finding high quality job candidates continues to be the greatest challenge. It’s the classic problem of quality vs. quantity. Regardless of the number of applicants available, finding the right match continues to be the biggest hurdle.
Where are hiring professionals planning to invest their budgets?
Our respondents said that “finding high-quality job candidates” was still their biggest challenge in 2020, and it’s also the area that organizations are planning to invest in the most. Almost 40% intend to increase budget in that area. Overall, most organizations intend to keep budgets the same, with just over a third intending to increase budgets in each of the key areas.