Definition of Content Validity:

One way to validate a pre-employment test is to measure its content validity, which reflects how well a test is measuring a quality or skill that is related to a certain job. In other words, is the test’s content effectively and comprehensively measuring the abilities required to successfully perform the job? Ascertaining a test’s content validity is necessary for ensuring that the test is job-related and consistent with business necessity. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) prohibits employers from administering pre-employment assessments that are not related to the job they are hiring for, and content validity is one way to validate a test’s proper use within the hiring process.